Acne Scarring and Treatment Options to Prevent & Reverse Damage

acne, acne scars, acne scarring, acne treatments

Everyone gets acne from time to time, and acne can leave undesirable scars as it heals. The appearance of acne scars depends on the type and severity of the acne. 

Three common types of acne scars include atrophic, hypertrophic, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Atrophic Scars are shallow depressions that heal beneath the skin's top layer. The most common cause is severe cystic acne. With atrophic scars, the skin fails to regenerate tissue, leaving an indentation. 
Atrophic scars are further classified into 3 types:
1. Boxcar scars: Broad, box-like depressions with distinct edges, caused by decreased collagen production during the healing stage. 
2. Ice pick scars: Smaller, more narrow indentations in the skin that point downwards. Ice pick scars are notoriously difficult to treat and may require long-term, aggressive care.
3. Rolling scars: These scars vary in depth and have sloping edges that make the skin appear wavy and uneven.
Hypertrophic scars: In contrast to atrophic scars, hypertrophic scars appear as raised lumps of scar tissue where the acne once was. This occurs when scar tissue accumulates. 
Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: Trauma or inflammation activates melanocytes in the skin resulting in hyperpigmentation or “dark patches.” Hyperpigmentation can be problematic because it can take months to years for it to fully resolve. Picking on acne scars may increase the chances of developing hyperpigmentation. 
Treatment Options
As a reminder, clearing up acne scars takes time and patience as the skin regenerates and produces new collagen. It may take several treatments to achieve the goal of clearer, more even skin.
Microneedling is a non-invasive treatment that triggers the production of collagen, which is abundant in youthful skin. Small, sterilized needles are used to puncture and induce forced repair mode and dermal remodeling. Microneedling is very effective for acne scars and results can be enhanced with the use of PRP (Plasma Rich Protein) 
Hydrofacial treatments are recommended for anyone with sebum build-ups and oily-to-dry skin. Hydrofacials are recommended for acne as it exfoliates and cleanses the skin; emulsify and nourish; remove sebum, dirt, and debris from pores providing deep skin hydration, and improved blood circulation, lymphatic flow, and skin texture.
Skin peels are chemical solutions used to remove the outer layer of old skin, improving the appearance of acne scars. Skin peels made from salicylic and glycolic acids are specifically made to treat acne and scars while effectively removing blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples. Medium depth peels may produce dramatic results as it removes the upper layers of the epidermis.
Microdermabrasion is a resurfacing treatment that uses a diamond-tipped handpiece to gently sand and remove the upper layer of uneven and thicker skin. A smoother, more even-toned layer is revealed beneath. This is a great option for sensitive skin as it essentially exfoliates and rejuvenates. 
KeratonalRx Acne Control System is a dermatologist-formulated skin care regimen to clear acne and prevent new breakouts. Continued use will minimize pore appearance, whiteheads and blackheads, and fade marks left from old acne. This system is clinically developed to deliver proven results with a combination of concentrated medical-grade actives and natural ingredients. 
Which treatment is best for you? 
Contact us at DMA Aesthetics and Skincare Clinic and we will create a customized plan to effectively combat your acne and acne scarring, leaving you with smooth and clear skin.
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